تھائیرائیڈ گلینڈ جسم میں موجودغدودں میں ایک ہے جو کہ کئی اہم ہارمونز پیدا کرتا ہے۔ اس گلینڈ کی کارکردگی میں کمی بیشی سے جسم کے نظام میں کئی خرابیاں پیدا ہو سکتی ہیں۔ اس باعث سامنے آنے والی بیماریوں میں گوئٹر، تھائیرائیڈ نوڈیولز، اور گریویز ڈیزیز وغیرہ شامل ہیں۔
The thyroid gland is a small gland at the base of your neck that secretes several important hormones that regulate your metabolism. Over or under production of thyroid hormones can lead to conditions called hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism respectively. Some of the most common thyroid gland disorders are:
When there is something amiss your thyroid functioning you may come across several distinct symptoms. These are different for different disorders of the thyroid gland. Such as for:
in case of hypothyroidism, you may feel slowed down heart rate whereas an increased heart rate can be caused by hyperthyroidism.
Energy Level Alterations:
People affected with hypothyroidism may feel tired, lethargic, and depressed on the other hand those experiencing hyperthyroidism can have difficulty falling asleep, can be irritable, restless, and anxious as well.
An imbalance in thyroid hormone production can cause increased hair fall. usually, hair regrows as these conditions are treated.
Abnormalities in thyroid hormone levels can alter the body's ability to regulate its temperature. Those with hypothyroidism may feel cold more than normal and ones with hyperthyroidism tend to sweat more and feel averted to heat.
Hypothyroidism can also cause dryness of skin, brittle nails, constipation, tingling sensation, and menstrual abnormalities.
Other symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism include vision alterations, diarrhoea, irregular menses, and trembling of hands.
Thyroid problems can be caused by:
Risk for thyroid diseases increases if you are:
Thyroid disorders are not preventable mostly however in cases where it is caused due to iodine deficiency use iodine supplementation may help. Other thyroid disorders cannot be prevented because some of these are autoimmune disorders as well.
Thyroid disorders include: