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Migraine - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Migraine in Urdu

درد شقیقہ کو اکثر شدید سر درد کے طور پر بیان کیا جاتا ہے، اور جب کہ سر میں درد درد شقیقہ کی سب سے عام علامت ہے، دوسری علامات بھی ہو سکتی ہیں۔ یہ ایک اعصابی حالت ہے جو سر کے ایک یا دونوں طرف دھڑکتے، دھڑکتے سر درد کے طور پر ظاہر ہوتی ہے۔ یہ چند گھنٹوں تک اور سنگین صورتوں میں دنوں تک چل سکتا ہے۔

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Summary about Migraine in English

Migraines are often described as severe headaches, and while head pain is the most common symptom of migraine, other symptoms can also occur. It is a neurological condition that manifests as a throbbing, pulsating headache on one or both sides of the head. It can last for a few hours and, in severe cases, for days.

Migraine Facts and Figures

According to an article from the Journal of Pain and Therapy, migraines are extremely common with a 15% prevalence around the globe. People of Asian countries like Pakistan are more likely to experience migraines. Some further facts and statistics about migraine in Pakistan have been listed below:

Prevalence of Migraine in Pakistan22.70%
Common inAdults
At-Risk GenderFemales
Average Age for DiagnosisBefore 50 years
Problems related to MigraineHeart attack, high blood pressure, heart diseases
Specialists Who Treat MigraineNeurologists


Symptoms of Migraine

Some common symptoms of headaches like migraine include the following:

  • Throbbing or pulsating pain on one or both sides of the head
  • Pain that gets worse around lights, sounds, or smells
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Mood changes
  • Neck stiffness and pain
  • Dizziness or blurred vision
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating or chills
  • Food cravings

Migraine Headache Symptoms in Urdu

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Causes of Migraine

Migraines do not have a known cause, although they're assumed to be caused by abnormal brain activity that disrupts nerve signals, neurotransmitters, and blood vessels in the brain. Some triggers for headaches like migraine include:

  • Dehydration
  • Skipping meals
  • High alcohol and caffeine intake
  • Loud noises, specific smells, or bright lights
  • Poor sleep or posture
  • Jet lag
  • Low blood sugar level
  • Stress, anxiety, or shock
  • Hormonal changes

You can get the best treatment for migraine from the Top Neurologists of Pakistan via Marham. Call 0311-1222398 to book your appointment now!

Preventive Measures of Migraine

Avoiding migraine triggers can delay or prevent the onset of this disease. It would help if you avoided the following to prevent getting a headache like a migraine:

  • Stress or anxiety
  • Irregular sleep schedule
  • Processed foods and drinks
  • High caffeine intake
  • Skipping meals or fasting
  • Smoking and drinking
  • Watching bright or flickering lights
  • Certain smells

Treatment of Migraine

There is currently no cure for migraines. There are, however, several therapies that can be used to treat the condition, including:

  • Painkillers
  • Triptans
  • Anti-emetics
  • Acupuncture

Migraine Symptoms and Treatment in Urdu

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Types of Migraine

There are 150 types of headaches, which are divided into two groups:

  • Primary Headaches: A primary headache is not caused as a result of another disease and can only be diagnosed clinically. Migraine is a type of primary headache.
  • Secondary Headaches: A secondary headache is a symptom of some other illness else in the body. For example, headache due to hypertension.